Bihar the base of the first Indian empire is steeped in history is primarily religious. The name Bihar is a derivative from Vihara, which means ‘monastery’. True to its name and its rich cultural heritage, the state houses various monasteries and it is famous for monuments belonging to various religions. The religious river Ganga crosses through the state and adds another site of tourist destination.
Today the government of Bihar are putting an extra effort into drawing visitors to the state. The place is known for the birth of Buddhism and Jainism. Most of the Tourist Attractions in Bihar are in some way or the other related to them. A wonderful place with a rich history offers many tourist attractions out of which, the top 6 places to visit in Bihar are mentioned below.
Rajgir is located near Nalanda and is just 15 km away from it. Rajgir is among the few top most visited destinations of India. It houses many religious destinations which are majorly dedicated to either Buddhism or Jainism. Both lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir have said to spent time here giving it huge spiritual and religious importance. The Hot Water Springs commonly known as Brahmakund, a sacred place for Hindu. Located at the foothills of the Vaibhav Hill, there are separate bathing places in different temples with natural water sprouting out of the ground. The water comes from the seven streams known as Saptadhara that are believed to originate from the Saptarni caves at the top of the hill. A dip or bath in the hot spring is all that you need to feel relaxed. Some other places of tourist attraction include, Jarasandh’s Akhara, Venu Vana and Vishwa Shanti Stupa. Rajgir Heritage Museum is another place of Interest, recently inaugurated by CM Nitish Kumar.
2. Nalanda University
Nalanda University date back to the 5th century, making it one of the world’s oldest universities. The university had 2000 teachers who taught over 10000 students from all parts of the world. The uniqueness of the place could be gauged by the fact that Buddha himself was a teacher here and Hieum- Tsang, Chinese traveler and a great scholar, was a student of this university. Red rocks were used in the construction, which is built in Kushana style of architecture. It is also an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Bodh Gaya
Near the holy city of Gaya, the Buddha attained enlightenment. The tree that had sheltered him came to be known as the Bodhi tree and the place Bodhgaya. Buddha achieved enlightenment under this tree and hence it is a pilgrim center for Buddhists who hail from all parts of the world. Near to this place you can find Maha Bodhi Temple, this whole place is also an World Heritage site.
Vaishali was one of the earliest republics in the world (6th century BC). It is named after the ancient city of Vaishali of Mithila, which is mentioned in the Mahabharta as well as in Budhism and Jainism. It was here that Buddha preached his last sermon. Vaishali, birthplace of Lord Mahavira is also Sacred to Jains. Places to visit in Vaishali are Vaishali Site Museum, Remains of ancient Vaishali, Kolhua, Stupa and Ashokan Pillar at Vaishali and Vietnam Temple Vaishali.
5. Patna Museum
Patna Museum was constructed in 1917. The building is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture, it is one of the most famous place of Patna. The museum also has a 200 million old fossil of a tree. The multipurpose museum include archaeological objects, coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles, paintings, thankas, bronze images and sculptures and terra cotta images by Hindu and Buddhist artists. It has a rare collection of British-period paintings depicting day-to-day life, as well as a fine collection related to the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad.
Sasaram was originally named Shah Serai (meaning “Place of King”) as it is the birthplace of the Afghani King Sher Shah Suri. Tomb of Sher Shah, built in the middle of the town, is one of the noblest specimens of Pathan architecture in India, is an imposing structure of stone, standing in the middle of a fine tank, and was built towards the middle of sixteenth century. The fort of Sher Shah Suri at Rohtasgarh, is an another site of tourist attraction.
Image Sources: Google Images
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